Suppression and repression of dissent: reprisals

Suppression of dissent/discontent

…”The sorts of dissent/discontent that can trigger suppression are diverse. They include conducting or publishing research that gives results unwelcome to powerful groups,§ teaching about sensitive topics, expressing views within an organization, and expressing views in the mass or social media. These sorts of actions can be a challenge within a line of command in a hierarchical organization. Another sort of challenge is to a dominant orthodoxy (for example, criticisms of standard treatments for cancer) or to a vested interest (for example disclosures about private health services). Dissidents may be aware that what they do is threatening to powerful groups, or they may think they are just doing their jobs.

Reprisals against dissent/discontent are also quite diverse. Suppression can include ostracism, petty harassment,* lack of communication,† blocked appointments, denial of research grants, rejection of articles, spreading of rumors, threats, reprimands, referral to psychiatrists, forced transfers, demotions, dismissal, or blacklisting. In authoritarian regimes or certain contexts, political dissidents can be physically repressed with beatings, imprisonment, forced psychiatric treatment, torture, or murder.”…

Mobbing and Suppression: Footprints of Their Relationships
Social Medicine (www.socialmedicine.info). Volume 6, Number 4, May 2012
Brian Martin and Florencia Peña Saint Martin
http://www.bmartin.cc/pubs/12sm2.pdf

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